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All human creations can be divided into three categories, viz. science, religion and art. Initially, art referred to any human skill or mastery. But during the Romantic period, art was separated from the other two main branches of human creation, ie science and religion. Art, science and religion are now regarded as different specializations that have nothing in common.
Albert Einstein said "All religions, arts and sciences are branches of the same tree." But we do not know why? After all, religion is based on the fact that faith does not need proof. Science is based on fact that must be proved by evidence. Art refers to human emotions and requires neither belief nor evidence because we know that it is a fiction or an object created purely by the imagination of a human mind.
Art: a fantasy that needs emotional proof
Defining art is extremely difficult. Fortunately, art is a work of human imagination and creativity that is free from any bondage or test. The only reason why a particular music is considered an art is that it appeals to the listener. The test of a good painting is the viewer's appreciation. No logic, reason or proof is required to designate an art as good as its only criterion is that it should be appreciated by people.
Although both science and religion claim to be factual and represent reality, art has no authority to admit that it is anything but a fiction. In fact, some forms of art such as movies and novels clearly state that this is fiction and that any resemblance to reality or reality is purely unintentional. Literature, another form of art, is called official fiction because everything in the novel or story is fictional created purely by human imagination.
Thus, an essential feature of art is that it is not a representation of fact or reality. But a good movie or story makes you cry, boosts your heartbeat, makes you laugh and makes you forget it's not a reality. The effect of a good art is no different from that created by reality.
The most interesting thing about art is that it affects your emotions and not the mind. When you read a thriller like "Da Vinci Code", your mind is very aware that everything in the novel is a fiction, but you just can't control your emotions that arise in the reader as if you are reading a real story of the characters in the real life. In a typical fiction, all characters and situations are created by the author's imagination, but they seem quite real. A fiction is thus not a work of any imagination, but it consists of many facts and realities that make fiction a reality.
It can be compared to a painting of a beautiful girl. The girl may be imaginary but still the girl's features have a close resemblance to real girls. The painters 'colors are also real, which may not be exactly the same as the real girl gives the impression of the real girl as it is woven from viewers' imagination. An artist creates the body of reality but the soul of reality comes from the imagination of the viewer who pours his own soul into the art. Therefore, when a novel is read by a million people, each person imagines the characters and the situation from their own imagination.
Thus, an art is created by the artist's imagination that appeals to other people's emotions. The real test of an art is not the test of truth (how close it is to truth) but how much it looks like truth. The test of art is not the proof or proof it has but how the reader perceives the truth of fiction. To convey the real message in the form of imaginative characters and the situation itself is an art that only artists can understand. If art does not affect people's hearts (emotions) it cannot be said to be a good art.
Science: A fantasy that needs material proof
Science is the knowledge that is created by the imagination (hypothesis) of human mind but can be verified by material facts and evidence. A researcher usually observes a phenomenon, assumes an explanation for the phenomenon, predicts a logical consequence of the guess, tests the prediction, and examines for any mistakes. Thus, the origin of science is a hypothesis that a scientist makes after making an observation. The critical test of science is its conformity with the material evidence.
Hypothesis is nothing more than the imagination of the imagination. Thus, every scientific theory as art finds its origin in the imagination of the human mind. However, science is related to matter and its truth must be tested with material evidence. For example, if E = mc2 was not verifiable by experiment, the researcher would have discarded Einstein's theory of relativity, regardless of the soundness of the argument or theory.
Religion: A fantasy that needs social proof
A religion often refers to an organized set of beliefs and beliefs about the spiritual or metaphysical world. The concept of religion may or may not have the concept of God. However, all religions have certain sets of common beliefs and rituals that must be followed by its followers.
Religions are a curious mix of science and art. The followers of religions are absolutely sure of the unity of truth in their writings, while other people often think it is a fiction. Unlike art, where artists always tell people that art is a creation of their imagination, the prophets or the originator of religion often call a gospel truth that they have acquired directly from God.
Therefore, religions like art and science also seem to come from human imagination. Often the creators are known as prophets or the Son of God who acquired the knowledge directly from God or the Spirit. For example, the Bible and the Koran are considered God's revelation to the prophets and are believed to be God's word. Gita is believed to be the words of Lord Krishna. However, some religions such as Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism are believed to originate from mortal people, although followers of their religions often try to elevate their status to the level of the deity by calling Mahavir Jain and Buddha not ordinary people but avatars or the incarnation of God and constructing their statues as God.
A tree many branches
It is clear that the source of all art, science and religion is the imagination of the human mind. But the human imaginations are given different names such as fiction, hypothesis or revelation depending on creation. When Newton saw the apple fall from a tree, he imagined the gravitational force that attracted the apple to the ground. Galileo formed his heliocentric theory of the solar system based on his imagination that the earth orbited the sun. This was an extraordinary fantasy that was beyond the reach of the mind. He had no particular mind to visualize how massive earth could orbit a small (nice) sun. Einstein imagined that all the movements on the planets are only relative or that light is both a particle and a wave based on his imagination.
Yet no one knows why such fantasy arose in the brains of such selected individuals. Was it God's desire to manifest the truth through these people? Or was it the human desire to discover the truth that led to such a fantasy? The first hypothesis is that given by the believers or the religious people. But if we assume the truth of the second hypothesis, the question also remains, why did such a desire arise in those individuals who finally culminated in such an extraordinary fantasy?
Body Mind and Soul
Almost all religions and spiritual people believe in the existence of body, soul, soul and spirit (or God). However, science does not believe in anything other than the body because it also considers the mind as the part of the body (brain) and explains the thoughts in terms of biochemicals. These concepts are explained in different religions. Gita (III 42) explains the relationship between body, soul, soul and spirit in the following words.
The senses are superior to the body. Above the senses is the mind, above the mind is the soul (individual intelligence) and above the soul is God (universal intelligence or spirit).
Based on this theory we find that there are four levels of development for human thought. A man "sees" the world differently depending on the "stage" of his development.
Eyes of Body: The first level of development is the level of the body. At this level we see the world from the physical eyes of the body. This ability is common to all animals in the world because each has the eyes of the body. At this stage is to see to believe.
Eyes of the Mind: In the next level of development, we can see the world from the eyes of the mind, ie with the help of logic and reasoning. We believe that all things in the world can be explained by the mind. We see not only what is in front of our eyes, but also what cannot be seen from the physical eyes. For example, you see a car move, you know it must have a driver who drives the car. It's a step when you see what you think.
Eyes of the Soul: The next level of development is achieved when we see the limitation of logic as we explain the world. Then we try to understand the world based on our own perception and experience. The wise people always believed that to know the world you must know yourself. At this stage, a man thinks "Ahem Brahmasm" (I am the universe). As Upanishads rightly stated many thousands of years back.
Like the human body, so is the cosmic body
Like the human mind, such as the cosmic mind
Like microcosm, so is macrocosm
S Radhakrshnan, one of the greatest Indian philosophers in modern science, summarizes the concept of the world within the following words
The philosophical attempt to determine the nature of reality can begin either with the thinking self or the object of thought. In India, the interest of philosophy lies in man's self. .. In India "Atmanam viddhi" Know the self, summarize the law and the prophets. With man, the spirit is the center of everything.
In this respect, even Western ideas were not so different. Socrates said so
"You can't teach a person one thing. You can only help him discover it within himself."
Man can visualize the truths or the secrets of the universe that are neither visible from the eyes nor the senses nor understood by the mind and logic. These are truths that are available in art, religion and science. We know that we want to help a crying child or the poor without knowing the logic and conclude that other people must also think the same way. We cry when we see injustice and we know that it is a universal desire of man. Once we know ourselves, we can feel the universe
The eyes of the Spirit: When a person develops to the level of the spirit, he can see the whole world as an extension of his own self. The limits of time and space cease to exist when his soul acquires one with the soul as the universal soul or spirit. From here, he understands God's thoughts or the deep secret of nature. All great imagination and classics are created only when a person can reach the final stage of development. At this level the soul is elevated to the level of the spirit and the man moves farthest away from the material body. However, this stage is not permanent as the man is soon returned to the world by the power of the material world. Yet during the process he acquires God's thoughts. This is the highest state of fantasy and one discovers God's thoughts at this stage.
Translation of divine knowledge to the world
When a person knows the thoughts of God or the deepest secrets of the universe, the difficulty is, how do you make the world believe what you have seen from the eyes of the spirit? His ideas seem silly to the world because they are unique and incomprehensible to the common man.
One method of convincing the truth is to represent the imagination in words or in other forms of art such as fiction, film, visual art, music, poetry etc. If there is a universal truth in these arts it would affect the souls of others as they would find the truths in these fictions, although it cannot be proved. The characters and the situation may be imaginary in fiction, but the truth of the art can be realized by the eyes of the soul. Thus, an art is nothing but the Truth which cannot be explained by logic or reason. Thus, art is a method of expressing truths that are not to be proved by logic or scientific evidence but to be realized by the viewer's heart or emotions.
Yet it does not mean that art is without logic or proof. No person would accept an illogical idea as art. If the movies or fiction lack logic, people can never accept it. However, the artist is not obliged to give logic to what he says or does or to provide evidence for it.
Religious principles also require proof of society. It therefore has a tougher criterion for acceptance. The truth of religion must be tested with real people. In most cases, the prophets or gurus themselves provide the proof of the truth by applying it to themselves and satisfying the curiosity of other people by providing satisfactory answers to their doubts. The life of Jesus or Mohammed is proof that their truths were real and acceptable to society. The same can be said with Buddha, Jain and Guru Nanak and so with the authors of the many sects. Imagine if the Buddha had said the same things while he was a dacoit or a thief. No one should have listened to his words. Thus, religions also require proof.
If the religion claims supernatural and metaphysical consequences, people expect miracles from the prophets and the Gurus. However, no such miracle is expected in the religions that are based on logic, especially Buddhism and Jainism. Thus, the truth of religion must be tested by the people over time. Only when religion has been tested for a long time is it accepted by the people as a matter of faith. Faith is not the cause of religion but the consequence of its truth.
The truth of a religion is applicable to society, therefore it must convince a society by making it stronger, more exciting and more harmonious. It is a historical fact that Christianity, Islam and Hinduism played an important role in the integration of a large number of people in Europe, the Middle East and Indian subcontinent and made its followers more powerful, prosperous and happier.
A scientific theory also starts with a fantasy or hypothesis from the researcher. But a scientist must convince the world by providing material evidence for the theory. It can either be in the form of experiments or in the form of logic. Yet material evidence is the essence of science. Although Einstein, for example, gave the special theory of relativity in 1905 and the general theory of relativity in 1916, based on which he predicted the bending of starlight near a massive body such as the sun, his hypothesis was only confirmed in 1919 during a solar eclipse. It is only then that the scientific community accepted his theories and awarded him the Noble Prize for the paper on photoelectric material, which was written in 1905. Since the truth of science relates to questions, it must therefore be tested on matter.
Art, science and religion find their origin from the imagination of the human mind. Still, all fantasies may not be true. Therefore, every imagination must be proven before it is accepted by the world. Thus, these branches are of the same tree as rightly said by Einstein because they all represent the truth, thoughts of God or the secret of the universe revealed to man's mind from his imagination.